Nanomaterials synthesis, photonics and solar energy
(Research Description PDF)
One-dimensional (1D) semiconductor nanowires (NWs) present a cylindrical cross-section confined to the nanoscale (<10 to ~1000 nm) with an axial dimension extended to a much larger length scale (~100 nm to ~1 mm). This distinct NW geometry gives rise to a variety of unique quantum-electronic, nano-optical, and transport properties, and in the past decades, NWs have emerged as an ideal platform for creating ultra-small nanodevices for technologies including nanoelectronics, photonics, and solar energy conversion by virtue of the excellent crystal quality, precise doping control, and wide access to various materials.
The Kim group is interested in synthesizing semiconductor NWs through vapor-liquidsolid (VLS) growth with various materials compositions, doping profiles, and geometric shapes, as well as investigating their fundamental electronic and nanophotonic properties. We are currently developing our innovative metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) system that will shapes, as well as investigating their fundamental electronic and nanophotonic properties. We are currently developing our innovative metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) system that will be equipped with precise gas regulation apparatus capable of flowing gas-phase precursors of various materials at a wide range of pressure and temperature. Optimized growth is expected to produce NWs with clean surfaces, uniform diameters and a true nanoscale spatial resolution at the nearatomic level (Top-left, Figure 1). Moreover, a rapid switching of precursors and/or dopants creates abrupt heterojunctions within individual NWs, which, when repeated, can produce periodically modulated NW superlattices (Top-right, Figure 1). We also combine epitaxial, vertical growth of these NWs with lithographic patterning to prepare large-area ordered arrays (Bottom, Figure 1). These 2D NW arrays find a number of applications as tunable photonic lattices, metasurfaces, NW solar cells, and photonic topological insulators.
Another primary research area of the Kim group is to study novel photonic/meta-optical properties of NW superlattices using finite-element numerical modeling and precision spectroscopy. Figure 2a shows a simple example of the design of an indexmodulated NW superlattice that can exhibit photonic guided resonances as shown in Figure 2b. Precisely tailored NW superlattices present unique photonic properties that no other single nanostructures can easily possess such as optical bound states in the continuum (BICs, Figure 2c). These optical resonances and states are the unique ways of confining light waves inside the NWs with quality factors (or photon lifetimes) much higher than what has been observed with nanostructures, which enables highly enhanced performances in photocurrent generation, luminescence, and nonlinear processes. We use numerical modeling to find the design parameters for the NW synthesis, fabricate NW devices using our MOCVD, and experimentally demonstrate the predicted properties through spectroscopy.
Area(s) of Interest
Mie-Resonant Three-Dimensional Metacrystals, S. Kim et al., Nano Letters, 2020, 20, 11, 8096–8101
Geometric Nanophotonics: Light Management in Single Nanowires through Morphology, S. Kim, J.F. Cahoon, Accounts of Chemical Research, 2019, 52, 12, 3511-3520
Photonics of Sub-Wavelength Nanowire Superlattices, S. Kim, MRS Advances, 2019, 4, 51-52, 2759-2769
Optical Bound States in the Continuum with Nanowire Geometric Superlattices, S. Kim, K.-H. Kim, J.F. Cahoon, Physical Review Letters, 2019, 122, 187402
Mie-Coupled Bound Guided States in Nanowire Geometric Superlattices, S. Kim et al., Nature Communications, 2018, 9, 2781
Self-Catalyzed Vapor-Liquid-Solid Growth of Lead Halide Nanowires and Conversion to Hybrid Perovskites, J.K. Meyers, S. Kim et al., Nano Letters, 2017, 17, 12, 7561–7568
Designing Morphology in Epitaxial Silicon Nanowires: The Role of Gold, Surface Chemistry, and Phosphorus Doping, S. Kim et al., ACS Nano, 2017, 11, 5, 4453–4462
B.S., 2012 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea
M.S., 2013 University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Ph.D., 2019 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
IIN Postdoctoral fellow, 2019-2020 Northwestern University
Assistant Professor, 2021-present Michigan State University
|2019||International Institute for Nanotechnology Postdoctoral Fellowship||IIN, Northwestern University|
|2018||Graduate Student Gold Award||Materials Research Society|
|2014||Kwanjeong Scholarship||Kwanjeong Educational Foundation|