Eduard Büchner

Location: First Floor, Room 136, South Wall, Sequence 2

Source: Kedzie Collection

Büchner found that if yeast cells are crushed with sand and clay, then pressed through a cloth bag, the resulting cell-free liquid produces alcoholic fermentation. This discovery, for which he received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, destroyed the concept that a "life force" is essential for fermentation and other reactions in living cells, and helped lay the foundation for modern biochemistry.