Nuclear Chemistry

Paul Mantica

University Distinguished Professor

2000 NSCL

517-355-9672 x456


Research webpage


Primary Research Area

Nuclear (Nu)

Other Area(s) of Interest

Chemical Physics (CP)

Physical (Ph)

Research

(Research Description PDF)

The low-energy properties of atomic nuclei are predicted to show dramatic changes when the ratio of neutrons-to-protons in the nucleus becomes extremely unbalanced. My research group is working to deduce the electromagnetic properties of nuclei which have extreme neutron-to-proton ratios. The desired nuclei, which exist for only fractions of a second, are produced in very small quantities using intermediate-energy reactions at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) at Michigan State University.

Two electromagnetic properties of interest are the nuclear magnetic dipole moment and nuclear electric quadrupole moment. The dipole moment is sensitive to the orbital component of the angular momentum of any unpaired protons and/or neutrons in the nucleus. The dipole moment provides information on the nuclear quantum structure and the occupied single-particle states. The quadrupole moment is a measure of the deviation of the average charge distribution of the nucleus away from spherical symmetry. The shape of the collection of protons and neutrons in the nucleus, e.g. the nuclear collectivity or “deformation”, can be inferred from the quadrupole moment. 

One way to deduce the electromagnetic moments of nuclei is via Collinear Laser Spectroscopy (CLS). The CLS method involves the co-propagation of a low-energy beam (~ 60 keV) of atoms/ions with laser light. Fixed-frequency laser light is Doppler tuned into resonance by varying the energy of the beam, with the subsequent fluorescence detected by a photomultiplier tube. The resulting hyperfine spectrum, a product of the interaction of atomic electrons with the nucleus, is analyzed to extract the nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. 

We have installed and commissioned a CLS beam line in the low-energy experimental area at NSCL as part of the Beam Cooling and Laser Spectroscopy (BECOLA) facility. The BECOLA facility also includes a cooler and buncher, which accepts the rare isotope beams from the NSCL beam thermalization area and converts them into a low-emittance, pulsed beam to improve the sensitivity of the CLS measurement. Stable beams of Ca, K, Sc, Mn, Fe, and Ni have been produced from off-line ion sources, and the hyperfine spectra have been collected and analyzed.  We have also measured the hyperfine spectra for short-lived radioisotopes of potassium, produced at rates of order 103 per second. Charge radii should show a discontinuity at neutron number 20 due to the closed neutron shell. However, the charge radii of the potassium isotopes depicted below do not exhibit such a trend. We will continue exploring the unusual properties nuclei with extreme neutron-to-proton ratios with planned CLS measurements on radioactive isotopes of transition metals (e.g. Fe and Ni).

Charge radii for potassium isotopes. The values for the radioactive isotopes 36K (N = 17) and 37K (N = 16) were measured at the BECOLA facility at NSCL.

Selected Publications

Charge radii of neutron deficient 52,53Fe produced by projectile fragmentation, K. Minamisono, D.M. Rossi, R. Beerwerth, S. Fritzsche, D. Garand, A. Klose, Y. Liu, B. Maass, P.F. Mantica, A.J. Miller, P. Mueller, W. Nazarewicz, W. Noertershaeuser, E. Olsen, M.R. Pearson, P.-G. Reinhard, E.E. Saperstein, C. Sumithrarachchi, and S.V. Tolokonnikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 2016, 117, 252501.

Population distribution subsequent to charge exchange of 29.85 keV Ni+ on sodium vapor, C.A. Ryder, K. Minamisono, H.B. Asberry, B. Isherwood, P.F. Mantica, A. Miller, D.M. Rossi, and R. Strum, Spectro. Acta B 2015, 113, 16.

Charge radii of neutron-deficient 36K and 37K, D. Rossi, K. Minamisono, H.B. Asberry, G. Bollen, B.A. Brown, K. Cooper, B. Isherwood, P. F. Mantica, A. Miller, D. J. Morrissey, R. Ringle, J. A. Rodriguez, C. A. Ryder, A. Smith, R. Strum, and C. Sumithrarachchi, Phys. Rev. C 2015, 92, 014305.

A field programmable gate array-based time-resolved scaler for collinear laser spectroscopy with bunched radioactive potassium beams, D. M. Rossi, K. Minamisono, B. R. Barquest, G. Bollen, K. Cooper, M. Davis, K. Hammerton, M. Hughes, P. F. Mantica, D. J. Morrissey, R. Ringle, J. A. Rodriguez, C. A. Ryder, S. Schwarz, R. Strum, C. Sumithrarachchi, D. Tarazona, and S. Zhao, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 2014, 85, 093503.

CV

B.S., 1985, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Ph.D., 1990, Univ. of Maryland, College Park

DOE Postgraduate Research Training Program, 1990-93, Oak Ridge Associated Universities

Staff Scientist, UNISOR, 1993-95, Oak Ridge Associated Universities

Awards/Honors

2012 Fellow of the American Physical Society
2011 ACS Fellow
2011 University Distinguished Professorship
2009 - 2010 CIC Academic Leadership Program Fellow Michigan State University
2008 Outstanding Academic Advisor Award Michigan State University (College of Natural Science)
2000 CAREER Award National Science Foundation (Division of Mathematical and Physical Sciences)
2000 University Teacher-Scholar Award Michigan State University